📕 subnode [[@protopian/politics and the english language]] in 📚 node [[politics-and-the-english-language]]
Politics and the English Language
- Author: George Orwell
- Full Title: Politics and the English Language
- Category: #articles
- URL: https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/politics-and-the-english-language/
- A scrupulous writer, in every sentence that he writes, will ask himself at least four questions, thus: What am I trying to say? What words will express it? What image or idiom will make it clearer? Is this image fresh enough to have an effect? And he will probably ask himself two more: Could I put it more shortly? Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly?
- The great enemy of clear language is insincerity. When there is a gap between one’s real and one’s declared aims, one turns as it were instinctively to long words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish spurting out ink.
- i. Never use a metaphor, simile or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print. ii. Never use a long word where a short one will do. iii. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. iv. Never use the passive where you can use the active. v. Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent. vi. Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous.
📖 stoas (collaborative spaces) for [[@protopian/politics and the english language]]
- Open document (Hedgedoc) at https://doc.anagora.org/politics-and-the-english-language
- Video call (Jitsi) at https://meet.jit.si/politics-and-the-english-language