Fogg Behavior Model
- Introduced to me by M. B., who shared https://www.deprocrastination.co/blog/how-to-stop-procrastinating-by-using-the-fogg-behavior-model
- Behaviour = Motivation + Ability + Trigger. Missing any of the three can cause procrastination; a failure to reach a planned behaviour.
- Motivation must be built.
- Motivation is felt qualia when we feel how an action is meaningful or valuable and we believe we can take it.
- Remind yourself of the why. Try to remember in vivid detail why you thought you needed to do it.
Try to link the task to a personal goal that you want to achieve.
- "Write a thesis" -> "Write a thesis to deepen your understanding of a subject and get recognized by others in your field."
- When everything seems hard, it's easy to succumb to procrastination. Email is (boring but) easier than work. But procrastinating won't make task easier; perhaps it'll achieve the opposite.
Focus on small steps to manage difficulty. Break it down. How is often not obvious. Identify the distinct parts that form the whole.
- "Create a presentation" -> research topic + find images + create slides + rehearse.
Create a simple timeline
- Start with the due date.
- Go back day by day, or week by week, and write down what you'd like to have done by then, until you arrive at today.
- Put the timeline in full view.
- Start working on the first item.
- "Deliver a presentation" -> Day 10 rehearse and present; Day 9 list sources and add finishing touches, ..., Day 1 make a list of at least 10 articles and resources to use.
- Sport coaches motivate, cultivate ability, and give triggers. Modern work often doesn't have built-in triggers.
- You need to self-trigger. Often we just leave this to circumstance; the only default circumstance in most projects is the deadline. So the deadline becomes the only trigger we obey.
Add triggers. The key to an effective trigger is a sense of "I'm supposed to be doing this, right now."
Create a cue.
- When you sit down to work, give yourself 5-15 minutes to decide which task to start with. If you don't know which one you should take after the time expires, choose at random. Then start.
- At the end of one work day, determine where you want to start the next day and put it in your calendar.
- Be creative: leave things on your desk that serve as cues to start work on a project -- meaning by default sitting down and deciding which task to start with.
- Define a specific task to do, at a specific place, at a specific moment in time -- and make sure you can't miss the cue.
- Create a cue.
- Build up motivation by finding meaning. Break down complex tasks and plan them in a timeline. Define concrete triggers that will help you start working.