→ node [[patterning]]



  • [[lorand]]
    • tension between writing something understandable for everyone and going deep
    • thing with the lightbulbs ended up attracting a lot of attention
      • aside
        • [[flancian]] it feels like a high dimensional celullar automata
      • [[systems theory]], kept wondering about whether people knew about it
    • the other "leg" is chapter 15, using feelings.
    • ultimately would love to have some text that has a couple of the ideas that were interesting, drilling down on those.
  • [[simon]]
    • interaction between the environment and people
    • there is something in the environment, in the object themselves, which encodes ways of behaviour
    • [[ezra klein podcast]] and the extended mind
    • you can divorce the form/pattern, reuse it in different ways
    • a pattern language is a collection of forms
    • extended mind -> a way of getting around the 'problem' of feeling
    • in architecture we're always looking at plans
      • you can take the form of a plan, take it into a different context and use it in a different way
    • [[lorand]] love the list of paradoxes
      • +1
  • when you went back to the toy model, did you understand it better?
    • got incremental understanding
    • didn't go all the way into convincing myself with the actual mathematical proof
  • [[flancian]] [[celullar automata]], [[game of life]]
  • [[lorand]] [[entropy and diversity]]
  • [[homeostasis]]
    • [[flancian]] key word
      • a failing proposition :)
    • aided by [[modular approach]]
    • [[simon]] top down and bottom up approaches, which seem to map to selfconscious and unselfconscious in [[notsof]]
  • [[simon]] often work with planning laws, which interact with data variables (traffic, rate of light, etc.).
    • there is also a decisive factor: the qualities you want in the building you are trying to build.
    • [[flancian]] how do you think about the time variable in architecture? aging in buildings, entropy :)
    • you begin a project with a long list of requirements that you have to meet -- but those are day one. unclear how they will evolve over the years.
  • [[modularity aids upgradability]] in information theory
    • are building upgrades modular?
    • [[simon]] 60s-70s: yes. but that failed :) see capsule hotel, which remained unchanged because people liked it how it was.
    • but often it's the older building stock that is easiest to upgrade -- you can tear down walls and build new walls easily.
    • are there typical reasons that projects fail?
      • bad context: buildings placed in the wrong place/without the right support
      • buildings that are built with a very specific use, e.g. a fashion center when the fashion industry is moving away
      • hard to adapt office to residential and residential to office
    • are there any projects that are designed to have a short timespan, or need continuous updating?
  • [[requirements elicitation]]
  • Q: would patterns of pattern connectivity be interesting?
    • seems like something to keep in mind but it would quickly get too abstract?
    • [[simon]] reminds me of the diagrams at the end of [[notsof]]


  • [[armengol]] [[lorand]] [[simon]] [[flancian]]
    • [[flancian]] proposal: meet a few more times but perhaps more spaced out?
    • [[simon]] sounds good. july works for me.
    • [[lorand]] summer sounds more certain than fall; unclear what commitments will be like in fall.
    • [[armengol]] uncertainty about august.
      • interested in summarizing the experience, some meta.
    • could explore:
      • writing something together/individually
⥅ pulled node [[a-pattern-language]]

A Pattern Language




Book outline notes


A pattern language

  • A [[A Pattern Language]] and [[The Timeless Way of Building]] evolved in parallel and consistute two halves of a whole.

  • "The elements of this language are entities called patterns. Each pattern describes a problem which occurs over and over again in our environment, and then describes the core of the solution to that problem, in such a way that you can use this solution a million times over, without ever doing it the same way twice."

  • "For convenience and clarity, each pattern has the same format."

      1. "First, there is a picture, which shows an archetypal example of that pattern."
      1. "Second, after the picture, each pattern has an introductory paragraph, which sets the context for the pattern, by explaining how it helps to complete certain larger patterns."
      • context stands out to me as an important term here
      1. "Then there are three diamonds to mark the beginning of the problem. After the diamonds there is a headline, in bold type. The headline gives the essence of the problem in one or two sentences."
      1. "After the headline comes the body of the problem."
      1. "Then, again in bold type, like the headline, is the solution - the heart of the pattern - which describes the field of physical and social relationships which are required to solve the stated problem, in the stated context. This solution is always stated in the form of an instruction - so that you know exactly what you need to do, to build the pattern."
      1. "Then, after the solution, there is a diagram, which shows the solution in the form of a diagram, with labels to indicate its main components."
      1. "After the diagram, another three diamonds, to show that the main body of the pattern is finished. And finally, after the diamonds there is a paragraph which ties the pattern to all those smaller patterns in the language, which are needed to complete this pattern, to embellish it, to fill it out."
  • "There are two essential purposes behind this format.

    • First, to present each pattern connected to other patterns, so that you grasp the collection of all 253 patterns as a whole, as a language, within which you can create an in-finite variety of combinations.
    • Second, to present the problem and solution of each pattern in such a way that you can judge it for yourself, and modify it, without losing the essence that is central to it."
  • The patterns are ordered, in descending order in terms of scale (thus one can nest the patterns)

    • "This order, which is presented as a straight linear sequence, is essential to the way the language works"
    • "Each pattern is connected to certain "larger" patterns which come above it in the language; and to certain "smaller" patterns which come below it in the language. The pattern helps to complete those larger patterns which are "above" it, and is itself completed by those smaller pat-terns which are "below" it"
    • "In short, no pattern is an isolated entity. Each pattern can exist in the world, only to the extent that is supported by other patterns: the larger patterns in which it is embedded, the patterns of the same size that surround it, and the smaller patterns which are embedded in it."
    • "This is a fundamental view of the world. It says that when you build a thing you cannot merely build that thing in isolation, but must also repair the world around it, and within it, so that the larger world at that one place becomes more coherent, and more whole; and the thing which you make takes its place in the web of na-ture, as you make it."
  • The relation between problems and solutions with individual patterns

    • "Each solution is stated in such a way that it gives the essential field of relationships needed to solve the problem, but in a very general and abstract way - so that you can solve the problem for yourself, in your own way, by adapting it to your preferences, and the local conditions at the place where you are making it."
    • "For this reason, we have tried to write each solution in a way which imposes nothing on you. It contains only those essentials which cannot be avoided if you really want to solve the problem. In this sense, we have tried, in each solution, to capture the invariant property common to all places which succeed in solving the problem."
      • Why assume that there are any invariants at all?
      • Are there problems with multiple and mutually incomensurable solutions?
  • Why they wrote the book(s)

    • "The fact is, that we have written this book as a first step in the society-wide process by which people will gradually become conscious of their own pattern languages, and work to improve them."

Summary of the language

  • "A pattern language has the structure of a network."

  • "However, when we use the network of a language, we always use it as a sequence, going through the patterns, moving always from the larger patterns to the smaller, always from the ones which create structures, to the ones which then embellish those structures, and then to those which embellish the embellishments"

  • "Towns" patterns; large scale, collective patterns

    • "We begin with that part of the language which defines a town or community. These patterns can never be "de-signed" or "built" in one fell swoop-but patient piece-meal growth, designed in such a way that every individual act is always helping to create or generate these larger global patterns, will, slowly and surely, over the years, make a community that has these global patterns in it."
  • "Buildings" patterns; inividual or small group scale

    • "These are the patterns which can be "designed" or "built"-the patterns which define the individual build-ings and the space between buildings; where we are deal-ing for the first time with patterns that are under the control of individuals or small groups of individuals, who are able to build the patterns all at once."
  • "Construction" patterns

    • "The next, and last part of the language, tells how to make a buildable building directly from this rough scheme of spaces, and tells you how to build it, in detail."

Choosing a language for your project

  • "any small sequence of patterns from this language is itself a language for a smaller part of the environment"

  • Concrete example of building a porch

  • "Rough procedure by which you can choose a language for your own project, first by taking patters from this language we have printed here, and then by adding patterns of your own."

      1. Make a copy of the master sequence of the whole language on which you can tick off the patterns which will form the sub3language for your project.
      1. Find the pattern which best describes the overall scope of the project you have in mind. This is the starting pattern for your project. Tick it.
      1. Turn to the starting pattern itself, in the book, and read it through. Notice that the other patterns men-tioned by name at the beginning and at the end, of the pattern you are reading, are also possible candidates for your language. The ones at the beginning will tend to be "larger" than your project. Don't include them, unless you have the power to help create these patterns, at least in a small way, in the world around your project. The ones at the end are "smaller." Almost all of them will be important. Tick all of them, on your list, unless you have some special reason for not wanting to include them.
      1. Now your list has some more ticks on it. Turn to the next highest pattern on the list which is ticked, and open the book to that pattern. Once again, it will lead you to other patterns. Once again, tick those which are relevant-especially the ones which are "smaller" that come at the end. As a general rule, do not tick the ones which are "larger" unless you can do something about them, concretely, in your own project.
      1. When in doubt about a pattern, don't include it. Your list can easily get too long: and if it does, it will become confusing. The list will be quite long enough, even if you only include the patterns you especially like.
      1. Keep going like this, until you have ticked all the patterns you want for your project.
      1. Now, adjust the sequence by adding your own ma-terial. If there are things you want to include in your project, but you have not been able to find patterns which correspond to them, then write them in, at an appropri-ate point in the sequence, near other patterns which are of about the same size and importance. For example, there is no pattern for a sauna. If you want to include one, write it in somewhere near BATHING ROOM ( 144) m your sequence.
      1. And of course, if you want to change any patterns, change them. There are often cases where you may have a personal version of a pattern, which is more true, or more relevant for you. In this case, you will get the most "power" over the language, and make it your own most effectively, if you write the changes in, at the appropri-ate places in the book. And, it will be most concrete of all, if you change the name of the pattern too-so that it captures your own changes clearly.
  • 3 different instructions for 3 different scales of patterns

    • "Suppose now that you have a language for your proj-ect. The way to use the language depends very much on its scale. Patterns dealing with towns can only be implemented gradually, by grass roots action; patterns for a building can be built up in your mind, and marked out on the ground; patterns for construction must be built physically, on the site. For this reason we have given three separate instructions, for these three different scales. For towns, see page 3; for buildings, see page 46 3; for construction, see page 9 35."

The poetry of the language

  • "Finally, a note of caution. This language, like English, can be a medium for prose, or a medium for poetry. The difference between prose and poetry is not that different languages are used, but that the same language is used, differently.In an ordinary English sentence, each word has one meaning, and the sentence too, has one simple meaning. In a poem, the meaning is far more dense. Each word carries several meanings; and the sentence as a whole carries an enormous density of interlocking meanings, which together illuminate the whole."
  • "The same is true for pattern languages. It is possible to make buildings by stringing together patterns, in a rather loose way. A building made like this, is an assembly of patterns. It is not dense. It is not profound. But it is also possible to put patterns together in such a way that many many patterns overlap in the same physical space: the building is very dense; it has many meanings captured in a small space; and through this density, it becomes profound."
  • "But this kind of compression is not only poetic and profound. It is not only the stuff of poems and exotic statements, but to some degree, the stuff of every English sentence. To some degree, there is compression in every single word we utter, just because each word carries the whisper of the meanings of the words it is connected to. Even "Please pass the butter, Fred" has some compression in it, because it carries overtones that lie in the con-nections of these words to all the words which came be-fore it.
  • Each of us, talking to our friends, or to our families, makes use of these compressions, which are drawn out from the connections between words which are given by the language. The more we can feel all the connections in the language, the more rich and subtle are the things we say at the most ordinary times."


Using the language

  • "We believe that the patterns presented in this section can be implemented best by piecemeal processes, where each project built or each planning decision made is sanc-tioned by the community according as it does or does not help to form certain large-scale patterns. We do not be-lieve that these large patterns, which give so much struc-ture to a town or of a neighborhood, can be created by centralized authority, or by laws, or by master plans. We believe instead that they can emerge gradually and or-ganically, almost of their own accord, if every act of building, large or small, takes on the responsibility for gradually shaping its small corner of the world to make , these larger patterns appear there."



Using the language

  • "We assume that, based on the instructions m "Summary of the Language," you have already constructed a sequence of patterns. We shall now go through a step-by-step procedure for building this sequence into a design."
      1. The basic instruction is this: Take the patterns in the order of the sequence, one by one, and let the form grow from the fusion of these patterns, the site, and your own instincts.
      1. It is essential to work on the site, where the project is to be built; inside the room that is to be remodeled; on the land where the building is to go up; and so forth. And as far as possible, work with the people that are actually going to use the place when it is finished: if you are the user, all the better. But, above all, work on the site, stay on the site, let the site tell you its secrets.
      1. Remember too, that the fo,;m will grow gradually as you go through the sequence, beginning as something very loose and amorphous, gradually becoming more and more complicated, more refined and more differ-entiated, more finished. Don't rush this process. Don't give the form more order than it needs to meet the pat-terns and the conditions of the site, each step of the way. In effect, as you build each pattern into the design, you will experience a single gestalt that is gradually becom-ing more and more coherent.
      1. Take one pattern at a time. Open the page to the first one and read it again. The pattern statement de-scribes the ways in which other patterns either influence this pattern, or are influenced by it. For now, this infor-mation is useful only in so far as it helps you to envision the one pattern before you, as a whole.
      1. Now, try to imagine how, on your particular site, you can establish this pattern. Stand on the site with your eyes closed. Imagine how things might be, if the pattern, as you have understood it, had suddenly sprung up there overnight. Once you have an image of how it might be, walk about the site, pacing out approximate areas, marking the walls, using string and cardboard, and putting stakes in the ground, or loose stones, to mark the important corners.
      1. Complete your thought about this pattern, before you go on to the next one. This means you must treat the pattern as an "entity"; and try to conceive of this entity, entire and whole, before you start creating any other patterns.
      1. The sequence of the language will guarantee that you will not have to make enormous changes which can-cel out your earlier decisions. Instead, the changes you make will get smaller and smaller, as you build in more and more patterns, like a series of progressive refine-ments, until you finally have a complete design.
      • [ This seems like a key point ! ]
      1. Since you are building up your design, one pattern at a time, it is essential to keep your design as fluid as possible, while you go from pattern to pattern. As you use the patterns, one after another, you will find that you keep needing to adjust your design to accommo-date new patterns. It is important that you do this in a loose and relaxed way, without getting the design more fixed than necessary, and without being afraid to make changes. The design can change as it needs to, so long as you maintain the essential relationships and charac-teristics which earlier patterns have prescribed. You will see that it is possible to keep these essentials constant, and still make minor changes in the design. As you in-clude each new pattern, you readjust the total gestalt of your design, to bring it into line with the pattern you are working on.
      1. While you are imagining how to establish one pat-tern, consider the other patterns listed with it. Some are larger. Some are smaller. For the larger ones, try to see how they can one day be present in the areas you are working on, and ask yourself how the pattern you are now building can contribute to the repair or formation of these larger patterns.
      1. For the smaller ones, make sure that your concep-tion of the main pattern will allow you to make these smaller patterns within it later. It will probably be help-ful if you try to decide roughly how you are going to build these smaller patterns in, when you come to them.
      1. Keep track of the area from the very beginning so that you are always reasonably close to something you can actually afford. We have had many experiences in which people try to design their own houses, or other buildings, and then get discouraged because the final cost is too high, and they have to go back and change it.
      1. Each time you use a pattern to differentiate the layout of your building fur-ther, keep this total area in mind, so that you do not, ever, allow yourself to go beyond your budget.
      1. Finally, make the essential points and lines which are needed to fix the pattern, on the site with bricks, or sticks or stakes. Try not to design on paper; even in the case of complicated buildings find a way to make your marks on the site.



Using the language

  • "The patterns in this last section present a physical atti-tude to construction that works together with the kinds of buildings which the second part of the pattern language generates. These construction patterns are intended for builders-whether professional builders, or amateur owner-builders."

  • "Each pattern states a principle about structure and materials. These principles can be implemented in any number of ways when it comes time for actual building. We have tried to state various ways in which the principles can be built. But, partly because these patterns are the least developed, and partly because of the nature of building patterns, the reader will very likely have much to add to these patterns. For example, the actual materials used to implement them will vary greatly from region to region . . ."

  • "Perhaps the main thing to bear in mind, as you look over this material, is this: Our intention in this section has been to provide an alternative to the technocratic and rigid ways of building that have become the legacy of the machine age and modern architecture."

  • "The way of building described here leads to buildings that are unique and tailored to their sites. It depends on builders taking responsibility for their work; and work-ing out the details of the building as they go-mocking up entrances and windows and the dimensions of spaces, making experiments, and building directly according to the results."

  • "the patterns themselves in this section are both more concrete, and more abstract, than any other patterns in the language."

  • "They are more concrete because, with each pattern, we have always given at least one interpretation which can be built directly. For instance, with the pattern ROOT FOUNDATION, we have given one particular interpreta-tion, to show that it can be done, and also to give the reader an immediate, and practical, buildable approach to construction."

  • "Yet at the same time, they are also more abstract. The particular concrete formulation which we have given for each pattern, can also be interpreted, and remade in a thousand ways. Thus, it is also possible to take the gen-eral idea of the pattern, the idea that the foundation functions like a tree root, in the way that it anchors the building in the ground-and invent a dozen entirely dif-ferent physical systems, which all work in this funda-mental way. In this sense, these patterns are more ab-stract than any others in the book, since they have a wider range of possible interpretations."



⥅ pulled node [[apl]]
⥅ pulled node [[christopher-alexander-reading-group]]
⥅ pulled node [[notes-on-the-synthesis-of-form]]
⥅ pulled node [[notsof]]


See annotations/highlights in [[hypothesis]] above for inline commentary.


Part One

Goodness of Fit

  • The ultimate [[object of design]] is [[form]].
  • [[form]] + [[context]] == [[ensemble]]
  • It is peculiar how much of the comments on [[ensembles]] apply to [[systems]] in general. This book so far often reads like [[christopher alexander]] has independently discovered principles in use in [[computer science]]; or, of course, perhaps [[computer science]] is just one possible take on the nature of [[complex systems]].
    • I am curious to know if people in the reading group with different backgrounds to mine, but whose primary activity is also not [[architecture]], get similar impressions w.r.t. their disciplines.
  • The [[rightness of form]] depends on the degree to which a form fits an [[ensemble]] .
  • Ensembles can be decomposed into many (nested, overlapped) [[form-context boundaries]].
    • But in any given analysis the boundary should probably be kept constant.
  • [[p19]] "The form is a part of the world over which we have control, and which we decide to shape while leaving the rest of the world as it is. The context is that part of the world which puts [[demands]] on this form; anything in the world that makes demands of the form is context. [[Fitness]] is a [[relation]] of [[mutual acceptability]] between these two. In a problem of design we want to satisfy the mutual demands which the two make on one another. We want to put the context and the form into [[effortless contact]] or [[frictionless coexistence]]."
  • [[p20]] interesting/surprising use of [[impossible]].
  • [[p21]] negative perception of fit, in the sense that we notice [[misfit]] and see its absence as [[fit]].
  • [[p24]] achieving good fit via neutralizing misfits
    • [[simonpjw]] comment about misfits as beautiful
  • [[p25]] an exhaustive description of requirements for good fit probably includes the universe. This problem only seems tractable usually because of shared [[context]].
  • [[p27]] a procedure based on listing misfits "most likely to occur". See comment.

The Source of Good Fit

  • [[p32]] Who is [[macbirdy]]? I like their reading.
  • [[p33]] A lot of this chapter feels a bit problematic, outdated in its description of "unselfconscious cultures".
  • [[37]] [[macbirdy]] on a roll
  • [[meta]] my reading is turning more critical/nitpicky as I go through this chapter.

Meeting with the group

  • Andreas said that it was sometimes hard to remember 'design' meant architectural as the ties to graphic design were so solid
  • [[armengol]] primes and [[factoring]]

The Unselfconscious Process

  • I still find this 'unselfconscious' characterization problematic, but I'll let it go -- if I don't I won't get the point, probably.
  • I liked the [[slovakian shawls]] example.
    • Recognizing and curbing bad mutations != ability to introduce good mutations.

The Selfconscious Process

Part Two

The Program

The Realization of the Program

  • Two phases:
    • analysis, where the right design [[program]] is found
      • a tree of sets of requirements / the previous graph
    • synthesis, where the right [[form]] is derived from the program
  • examples of [[diagrams]]
    • [[le corbusier]]'s [[ville radieuse]] is a diagram stemming from two requirements: high density and equal/max access to sunlight and air
    • a [[sphere]], for the requirement to enclose a maximum volume within a surface
    • engineer sketches, [[kekulé]]'s representation of benzene
    • in general they:
      • summarize aspects of physical structure: a [[form diagram]]
      • summarize functional properties or constraints: a [[requirement diagram]]
      • just one or just the other isn't very useful; a good ("constructive") diagram has elements of both.
  • two ways to describe [[form]]:
  • a unified description is the abstract equivalent of a constructive diagram
  • "the program is a hierarchy of the most significant subsets of M"


  • performance standards are based on scales that estimate fit/misfit in certain domains. quantifiable; miss the [[qualitative]].
  • we model problems with fit/misfit as booleans; although they might actually represent quantitative continuous variables plus a threshold, or qualitative opinions by people explicitly expressed
    • fit = 0
    • misfit = 1
    • "Let us remind ourselves of the fundamental principle. Any state of affairs in the ensemble which derives from the interaction between form and context, and causes stress in the ensemble, is a misfit."
  • [[misfit]] is left as a primitive notion (undefined)
  • [[domain]] is the totaility of possible forms within the cognitive reach of the designer
  • [[probabilities]] enter the stage! Finally. They seem to make sense in this context.
    • as usual, when probabilities are independent all's nice and well.
    • [[pearson correlation coefficient]]
    • some correlations between probabilities are intrinsic, some are circumstantial
    • we call correlations [[causal]] when we understand the rules that account for it; like e.g. thermodynamics as they affect materials
  • p111 [[correlation matrix]]
    • helps us define L and thus settle on the G(M, L)
  • three formal properties of G(M, L)
    • L describes all the interactions between variables there is. Because L is the set of two-variable correlations, M must be chosen so it's free from n-variable correlations with n > 2.
      • superordinate concepts like "economics" and "acoustics" tend to be problematic here, and they should be seen as intermediate steps -- must be broken down
    • the two-variable correlations must be small for any pair.
    • p(xi = 0) should be the same for all i (?)
      • but in the next sentence Alexander moves to "roughly the same in significance", which is both distinct than the previous and more reasonable IMHO.


  • the tension between form-making (integration) and analysis (fragmentation) is resolved by "finding knots": problems are not homogeneous, they actually have some structure, so there are right ways to tackle them.
  • p124 well decomposed sets will tend to be densely connected internally but have few or no links (the latter usually being not achievable) between sets
  • "It is the culmination of the designer's task to make every diagram both a pattern and a unit. As a unit it will fit into the hierarchy of larger components that fall above it; as a [[pattern]] it will specify the hierarchy of smaller com­ponents which it itself is made of."


  • "My main task has been to show that there is a deep and important underlying structural correspondence between the [[pattern]] of a problem and the process of designing a physical [[form]] which answers that problem."
⥅ pulled node [[reading-alexander]]

Reading Alexander


  • I read what we agreed to read :)
  • proposal: design a space following the example in the introductory material? 10-20 patterns combined.
    • [[xxxv]] for example
    • [[xxxviii]] for [[procedure]]
    • [[code]] a generator?
      • fit between patterns seems represented by recommended patterns at higher and lower level?
    • [[armengol]] some problems perhaps
      • we need to imagine a need for building something? what would be the context for the exercise?
  • [[andreas]]
    • would probably recommend people just go to [[a pattern language]] directly, it seems to be self-contained
    • did something with [[a pattern language]] ~1y ago
    • it just seems like previous reading wouldn't help learning how to write your own patterns?
      • [[jonathan]] what would you recommend?
      • the ideological component sometimes doesn't resonate; the patterns themselves, which can be used and changed regardless of ideology, seem more generally useful.
    • [[simon]] this is framed as one big project (the three books). what's interesting: there is some goal of trying to provide a set of tools to shape one's environment.
      • [[notsof]] could almost be computed by a machine
      • whereas [[apl]] is very much grounded
      • topic: what is [[timeless]] and [[beautiful]]. how the environment shapes us as much as we shape the environment.
      • the weakest patterns are the strongly [[utilitarian]]. the stronger ones are "spiritual"
      • some contradictions between patterns
        • he loves dense cities and lively areas
        • but he wants height limits and only building on 50% of the area
      • units per building
      • in a contemporary context a lot of the patterns are very difficult to achieve
      • aside: would be interesting to model fit/misfit between patterns even as we swap in/out some of them
    • pattern: [[filtered light]]
      • mentions how the perception of light gets softened if it's filtered; less high contrast, which is a nice quality. for living spaces softness is nice.
      • film makers think it makes objects more lively: e.g. leaves casting moving shadows.
      • third reason: speculative. stimulates us biologically (?)
        • could be socialized aesthetics instead.
      • when planning windows, this pattern is recommended.
  • [[armengol]]
    • pattern: [[window place]]
      • thought about this pattern within his home
      • previous place had an obviously amazing view -- you could see the [[sagrada familia]]
      • [[zen view]] is mentioned as related to this pattern, though, and it relates with something interesting that happened in the old place. the view was [[normalized]]. it became part of the background; like alexander says.
      • now have to go to a specific place to look at a view now.
    • [[q]] when trying to differentiate between the list of patterns
  • [[jonathan]]
    • [[four stories limit]]
      • ideology aside: main thing that bothered me in general. trying to justify things as [[natural]].
      • "want to find a pattern that looks ridiculous"
      • in zurich: like [[hardau]] towers
      • some justification for this pattern has to do with mental health issues
      • people who live in high rises are less likely to go out into the world
      • feeling connected to the city life
      • [[andreas]] it seems very opinionated, it depends on one's preferences. you might not care about the misfits and have fits with your lifestyle.
      • [[simon]] four floors doesn't seem high density enough for city life. attitude towards skyrises changes a lot across cultures. singapore for example has a very different disposition towards them.
        • most sustainable density is about six floors.
        • the most antisocial aspect of high rises is to have parking-lot-to-living-floor.
        • isolation in high rises is a big problem though.
      • [[andreas]] there is a huge grey area between four floors and high rises
        • zurich proposed having public rooftops and bike lanes between them
  • [[simon]]
    • [[bus stop]]
      • liked: both describing a set of objects and activity/life that emerges around those objects
      • "if the knit together" the system is a good one
      • view things like traffic lights as items of public living
  • [[alice]]
    • [[interior windows]]
    • [[pedestrian street]]
      • social glue in society
      • streets that are "too wide" are antisocial -- but of course nowadays with covid-19 that might be outdated
  • [[eduardo]]


  • [[ttwob]]
  • [[lorand]]
    • found himself reading in a less analytical way
    • [[armengol]]
      • the structure itself seems to encourage this
      • "I need to read it fast" yields a different kind of reading too, perhaps
    • [[lorand]] some pieces seem to be a bit rough. but interesting questions
      • the observation that people feel calm in nature -> homogeneity in aesthetics
      • ad hoc/rushed at the end: processes for using patterns for differentiation of space. differentiation vs accumulation
      • some vagueness
    • a bit tragic perhaps: towards the end, neighbors working together to make their houses beautiful. seemed a bit utopian in a modernist sense.
  • a [[pattern]] has a [[context]], a [[problem]] and a [[solution]] that resolves the set of conflicting forces.
  • embodiment as crucial vs the software patterns
  • [[kowloon walled city]]
  • [[tokyo 1960]]
  • [[wabi sabi]]
  • [[lorand]]




⥅ pulled node [[the-timeless-way-of-building]]
⥅ pulled node [[ttwob]]
⟴ stoa (shared document) at doc.anagora.org/patterning
⥱ context
⥅ context node [[2021-07-11]]
⥅ context node [[2021-08-01]]
⥅ context node [[alejandro-aravena]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[armengol]]
⥅ context node [[book-club]]
⥅ context node [[celullar-automata]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[dropbox]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[entropy-and-diversity]]
⥅ context node [[etherpad]]
⥅ context node [[ezra-klein-podcast]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[february-2020]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[flancian]]
⥅ context node [[game-of-life]]
⥅ context node [[git]]
⥅ context node [[git-stoa]]
⥅ context node [[group]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[homeostasis]]
⥅ context node [[hypothes.is]]
⥅ context node [[initial-meeting]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[japanese]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[lorand]]
⥅ context node [[modular-approach]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[modularity-aids-upgradability]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[patterning-reading-group]]
⥅ context node [[personal]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[requirements-elicitation]]
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[simon]] (empty)
⥅ context node [[stoa]]
⥅ context node [[systems-theory]]