📚 node [[socialism utopian and scientific]]
📕 text contributed by @neil ️👁 📝

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

[[Friedrich Engels]].

A critique of [[utopian socialism]] in favour of [[scientific socialism]].

In Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, Engels saw the emergence of 19th-century utopian socialism, signalled by the work of Saint-Simon, Fourier and Owen, as a reaction to the defeated aspirations of the [[French Revolution]].

[[Mish-Mash Ecologism]]

Industrial production was barely developed, and the proletariat, wrote Engels, appeared to these radicals as ‘incapable of independent political action’ – ‘an oppressed, suffering order’ which required help from outside.

[[Mish-Mash Ecologism]]

In these conditions, the utopian socialists attempted in idealist fashion to evolve the solution to social problems ‘out of the human brain'

[[Mish-Mash Ecologism]]

Engels argued that ‘scientific’ – that is, self-critical, rigorously conceptualized and empirically tested – socialism must be rooted in an investigation of historical development: ‘the process of evolution of humanity.’

[[Mish-Mash Ecologism]]

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